"Lee Nading's Outdoor Survival Quiz"
1. What percentage of healthy mammals, birds, insects and reptiles are edible, worldwide?
2. What type of wood burns best when wet?
4. How would a rescue plane signal that he understands your message?
5. Why is the raw flesh of sea turtles more nutritious than sea fish?
6. What diseases are carried by arctic insects?
7. Sinew is from what part of the animal?
8. How do you take a compass reading in polar and other regions where the magnetic field is erratic?
9. What is the most undesirable limitation of twitch-up snares?
10. What is the surest sign of tuleramia ('rabbit fever') in mammals?
11. What is the most common wild 'edible' in the world?
12. What is the first thing you should do when lost or stranded?
13. Why is it important to wash your body and clothes thoroughly after being immersed in tropical waters?
14. What is the least desirable shape for an improvised raft?
15. Why don't flesh-eating natives get scurvy?
16. How do you form branches and twigs for making snowshoes and implements?
17. Why are toads not edible but frogs are?
18. What two rock formations are the best locations to scout for water?
19. On which side should you lay a person with a lung injury?
20. What is the best location for building a solar still in the desert?
21. How much of which solid foods should you eat if you are completely out of water?
22. Why should snow be pre-melted rather than eaten raw?
23. What kind of dry tinder do you always have with you?
24. Why is it usually best to camp above a valley bottom in winter weather?
25. How far south is the North Star (Polaris) visible?
26. How do you beach a craft through surf or breakers to prevent being rolled over?
27. What are the first two rules of survival for the aviation passenger?
28. Name some alternative antiseptics for emergency first aid.
29. How long can you survive without food or water?
1. 100%. The best survival food is 2/3 lean meat with 1/3 fat.
2. High resin content; pitch knots, pine cones.
4. Rocking wings, or flashes from green signal lamp.
5. Higher fat content.
7. Long back and leg tendons.
8. Average many readings from halfway between needle swings.
9. Sapling will stiffen and not spring up, in cold temperatures.
10. Liver spotting or discoloration.
11. Grasses: every known grass(1) in the world is edible(2), and found in all non-polar environments. [(1) leaves with a common base or stalk, ie, lawn, forage, reeds, bamboo, maize, rice, cereal plants; (2) contains liquid nutrition: chew juices out of succulent parts including roots, spit out fibrous (silica) material.]
12. Relax; inventory everything.
13. Microscopic fluke worms.
14. A square or round raft will spin, unless you use a droque/sea anchor.
15. They do not bleed meat.
16. Heat, bend, and hold until cool.
17. Toads have toxic skin.
18. Limestone and lava.
19. With the injured lung down, so it won't drain into the good lung.
20. In a low place in the outside bend of a dry stream, where water last evaporated or soaked in.
21. None. Digestion will use up body water and promote dehydration.
22. The body expends more energy melting the snow than energy derived from it, promoting dehydration.
24. To avoid drafts of cold damp air, that seek low places.
25. At the Equator it is just barely above the north horizon.
26. Bow first; with one or more sea anchor/drogue/drag (canvas bag, dragged aft on a long line) to keep the craft perpendicular to the breakers or surfline.
27. Wear natural fibers (artificial fibers melt at low temps and stick to skin like napalm); sit within three rows of emergency exit.
28. Soap, saliva, salt water, honey, alcohol, aloe vera gel, tea tree oil, hydrogen peroxide, lemon juice, red pepper (cayenne), black walnut (organic iodine) tincture, sap nodules on pine bark.
29. Almost indefinitely; minimize exposure and activity, travel only at night, etc.